OBGYNs located in Boynton Beach, FL
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common gynecological condition that affects about 10% of women of childbearing age. Women with PCOS have a hormonal imbalance that affects menstruation, fertility, and appearance. Selva Ganesh, MD, FACOG, and Dervi Ganesh-Baluyot, MD, FACOG, at Ganesh OBGYN, specialize in diagnosing and treating PCOS. To learn more about PCOS, call the office in Boynton Beach, Florida, or book an appointment online today.
What is PCOS?
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in women that develops because of an imbalance in hormone levels. With PCOS, your ovaries overproduce androgens, male sex hormones, affecting the normal function of your ovaries.
During ovulation, which is when your ovaries release an egg, your ovaries may not release an egg, or the egg they release is undeveloped.
These changes in ovulation and egg health may lead to the development of ovarian cysts. Some women with PCOS have numerous ovarian cysts. However, not everyone with PCOS develops cysts.
The ovulation problems that occur in women with PCOS affect the menstrual cycle and fertility. These hormonal changes also affect appearance, weight, and overall health.
What are the symptoms of PCOS?
An irregular menstrual cycle is the most common symptom of PCOS. Your menstrual cycle may be longer or shorter than normal. Some women with PCOS have fewer than eight periods a year or no periods at all.
In addition to your irregular menstrual cycle, PCOS may:
- Trigger acne outbreaks, especially on the chest, face, and back
- Cause growth of facial hair or hair loss on the scalp
- Make it hard to lose weight or cause weight gain
- Create areas of darkened patches of skin around your neck or under your breasts
You may be at a greater risk of developing PCOS if it runs in your family. Though researchers are still investigating what causes PCOS, women with PCOS also have insulin resistance.
Insulin is a hormone that helps get sugar from your bloodstream into your cells. Insulin resistance increases blood insulin levels, which leads to an increase in androgens production.
How is PCOS diagnosed?
There’s no single test for diagnosing PCOS. When you visit Ganesh OBGYN with concerns about an irregular menstrual cycle or infertility, your provider conducts a thorough exam to determine the root cause of your condition.
Your provider reviews your symptoms, medical and gynecological history, and family history. They perform a physical and pelvic exam and run diagnostic tests such as an ultrasound to look for ovarian cysts and blood tests to check hormone levels.
How is PCOS treated?
Currently, there’s no cure for PCOS, and treatment focuses on managing symptoms. Ganesh OBGYN may first suggest lifestyle changes, such as:
- Diet modifications
- A personalized exercise program
- Weight loss
- Treatment for excess hair and hair loss
To regulate your menstrual cycle, your provider may prescribe hormonal birth control. To ease other symptoms, they may prescribe anti-androgen medications to ease unwanted hair growth and acne and metformin to improve insulin function.
To find out more about PCOS, call Ganesh OBGYN or schedule an appointment online today.
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